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52 years ago
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Description

toml is a fully fledged TOML v1.0.0 compatible parser written in pure V. The module is tested against the official compliance tests.

Usage

Parsing files or strings containing TOML is easy.

Simply import the toml module and do:

doc1 := toml.parse_text(<string content>) or { panic(err) }
doc2 := toml.parse_file(<file path>) or { panic(err) }

Example

Here we parse the official TOML example and print out some values.

import toml

const toml_text = '# This is a TOML document.

title = "TOML Example"

[owner]
name = "Tom Preston-Werner"
dob = 1979-05-27T07:32:00-08:00 # First class dates

[database]
server = "192.168.1.1"
ports = [ 8000, 8001, 8002 ]
connection_max = 5000
enabled = true

[servers]

  # Indentation (tabs and/or spaces) is allowed but not required
  [servers.alpha]
  ip = "10.0.0.1"
  dc = "eqdc10"

  [servers.beta]
  ip = "10.0.0.2"
  dc = "eqdc10"

[clients]
data = [ ["gamma", "delta"], [1, 2] ]

# Line breaks are OK when inside arrays
hosts = [
  "alpha",
  "omega"
]'

fn main() {
    doc := toml.parse_text(toml_text) or { panic(err) }
    title := doc.value('title').string()
    println('title: "$title"')
    ip := doc.value('servers.alpha.ip').string()
    println('Server IP: "$ip"')
}

Value retrieval

The toml module supports easy retrieval of values from TOML documents by using a small and simple query syntax as argument to the value() function.

Keys in map entries are denoted by . and array entries uses [<int>]. Quoted keys are also supported by using the delimiters " or '.

doc.value('table.array[0].a."b.c"')

To query for a value that might not be in the document you can use the .default_to(...) function to provide a default value.

For cases where a default value might not be appropiate or to check if a value exists you can use doc.value_opt('query')? instead.

import toml

const toml_text = '
val = true

[table]
array = [
    { a = "A" },
    { b = "B" }
]
'

doc := toml.parse_text(toml_text) or { panic(err) }

assert doc.value('val').bool() == true
assert doc.value('table.array[0].a').string() == 'A'

// Provides a default value
assert doc.value('non.existing').default_to(false).bool() == false

// Check if value exist
// doc.value_opt('should.exist') or { ... }
// or
if value := doc.value_opt('table.array[1].b') {
    assert value.string() == 'B'
}

// You can pass parts of the TOML document around
// and still use .value()/.value_opt() to get the values
arr := doc.value('table.array')
assert arr.value('[1].b').string() == 'B'

Conversion

Any TOML value can be converted to a V equivalent type.

TOML values are represented as the toml.Any sum-type that can be converted to a V type.

TOML value V conversion (via toml.Any)
val = "Basic string" .string()
val = 'Literal string' .string()
val = true .bool()
val = 1979-05-27T07:32:00Z .datetime() (toml.DateTime)
val = 1979-05-27 .date() (toml.Date)
val = 07:32:59 .time() (toml.Time)
val = 3.14 .f32() / .f64()
val = 100 .int() / .i64() / .u64()

Read more about values in the TOML specification.

TOML to JSON

The toml.to module supports easy serialization of any TOML to JSON.

import toml
import toml.to

const toml_text = '
val = true
[table]
array = [
    { a = "A" },
    { b = "B" }
]
'

doc := toml.parse_text(toml_text) or { panic(err) }
assert to.json(doc) == '{ "val": true, "table": { "array": [ { "a": "A" }, { "b": "B" } ] } }'